Subsidized employment programs—programs that use public funds to create temporary job opportunities—have positive impacts on employment and earnings for people facing barriers to employment. This workbook provides a detailed look at dozens of federal and state subsidized employment programs spanning over half a century, synthesizes evaluation data, and offers a resource for policymakers and advocates interested in subsidized employment as an equity-advancing response to unemployment.



  • Programs Overview
    • Programs by Comprehensive Information
    • Programs by General Information
  • Programs Detailed View
    • Program by Program Structure
    • Program by Type of Services
    • Program by Outcome and Random Assignment Evaluation
  • Program Evaluations
    • Summary of Rigorously Evaluated Models
    • Benefit Duration of Rigorously Evaluated Models
    • Summary of Notable Models Without Rigorous Evaluations
  • Inflation Index